From respectable citizen to forced laborer
We were no longer respectable people in the eyes of our oppressors.
The basis of the anti-Jewish regulations was that Jews should be without rights. In that way the existence of Jews in the Netherlands – as well as in the rest of the Nazi Reich had become as it were a favor of the Nazis. From 23 March 1942 on, the Nuremberg race laws were in force (in Germany from 1935). Marriages between Jews and non-Jews were no longer allowed.